It is vital the women know the symptoms of ovarian cancer, so they can be mindful of this silent killer. However, the Ovarian Cancer National Alliance reported that 89% of women were unaware of ovarian cancer symptoms before being diagnosed (Ribbons to Remember, n.d).This is a major barrier to good health behaviours regarding ovarian cancer, thus people must be educated about this disease.
The four most common symptoms of ovarian cancer are:
- Sudden increase in abdominal size or persistent abdominal bloating;
- Loss of appetite, difficulty eating or feeling full quickly;
- Abdominal or pelvic pain, pressure or discomfort; and
- Persistent urinary urgency and/or unexplained changes in bowel habits (such as diarrhoea, constipation or flatulence).
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are generally subtle and associated with non-cancerous (benign) conditions. Symptoms vary depending on the stage of the cancer, being more severe as the disease progresses. This is why ovarian cancer is often called a silent killer; it is very difficult to detect in its early stages. In fact, only 19% of ovarian cancers are diagnosed when most responsive to treatment – before they have spread to other organs (become metastatic) (Ovarian Cancer Australia, 2010).
Be sure to remember these symptoms and, if you notice them, consult with your doctor if they persist for two weeks.
Interesting facts and stats about ovarian cancer:
- Women are usually diagnosed in advanced stages and only 45% survive longer than five years. However, when ovarian cancer is detected and treated early on, the five-year survival rate is greater than 92%. (Ribbons to Remember, n.d).
- One in 79 women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer before 85 (Cancer Australia, n.d).
- 1300 Australian women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer each year (Cancer Australia, n.d).
- One in five women can't name one symptom of ovarian cancer (Cancer Australia, n.d).
- Only 59% of women are correctly diagnosed with ovarian cancer (Ribbons to Remember, n.d).